Hawaii has an extremely intriguing history, from the tale of how the islands were first settled, to the relationship between Hawaii and the American government before it became a state in 1959, here are 14 facts you might not have known about the history of Hawaii.
The Big Island is the youngest of the island chain – 800,000 years old – and also the first discovered by Polynesian settlers.
According to the Hawaii state constitution, any island not named as belonging to a county therefore belongs to Honolulu. This makes Honolulu the largest city in the world – stretching approximately 1,500 miles, about halfway across the 48 mainland states.
In 1893, Queen Liliuokalani attempted to create a new constitution claiming more authority for native Hawaiians, but the white leaders who occupied the Honolulu government office overthrew the monarchy.
The Hawaiian Islands were settled by Polynesians more than 1,000 years ago, but were unknown to Europeans until the late 1700s.
In 1778, when British captain James Cook visited Hawaii, he nicknamed the islands the “Sandwich Islands,” after the Earl of Sandwich. Pictured is the Captain Cook monument in Kealakekua Bay.
Before the arrival of Captain Cook, the Hawaiian language was strictly spoken. Missionaries taught the natives how to read so that they could communicate the lessons of the Bible.
Speaking of the Hawaiian language, it was banned in 1898 when Hawaii became a U.S. territory, and wasn’t resurrected as the official language until 1978.
Hawaii was named after the proto-Polynesian word “hawaiki,” which translates roughly to “place of the gods,” or simply, “homeland.”
The mosquito was first introduced to Hawaii in 1872 after being transported to the islands via a merchant ship. They brought with them new diseases like malaria and the plague.
The United States Air Force and Navy once used the small island of Kaho’olawe –which spans just 45 square miles – as a target. No one is allowed to go ashore without permission, as the services are still cleaning up unexploded shells.
The Hawaiian flag includes eight horizontal stripes, to honor the eight main islands of the chain. You will also find, in the top left corner, a small version of Britain’s flag, honoring captain George Vancouver, who gave Hawaii its first flag in 1794.
In the 1960s, astronauts trained for voyages to the moon by walking in the hardened lava fields of Mauna Loa, which closely resembles the surface of the moon.
One of the earliest cases of AIDS recorded in the country was in Hawaii. In May of 1978, a 50-year-old Asian woman was diagnosed with the disease and died just months later, in August.
The oldest Catholic Church in continuous use in the United States is the Catholic Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace, located in Honolulu and built in 1843.